National Physical Therapy Exam Practice
A physical therapist is working in an outpatient orthopedic clinic. During the patient's history the patient reports, I tore 3 of my 4 Rotator cuff muscles in the past. Which of the following muscles cannot be considered as possibly being torn?
- A. Teres minor
- B. Teres major
- C. Supraspinatus
- D. Infraspinatus
A physical therapist working on an ICU unit, notices a patient is experiencing SOB, calf pain, and warmth over the posterior calf. All of these may indicate which of the following medical conditions?
- A. Patient may have a DVT.
- B. Patient may be exhibiting signs of dermatitis.
- C. Patient may be in the late phases of CHF.
- D. Patient may be experiencing anxiety after surgery.
A physical therapist is caring for a patient who has recently been diagnosed with fibromyalgia and COPD. Which of the following tasks should the physical therapist delegate to an aide?
- A. Transferring the patient during the third visit.
- B. Ambulating the patient for the first time.
- C. Taking the patient's vital sign while setting up an exercise program.
- D. Educating the patient on monitoring fatigue.
A physical therapist is instructing a person who had a left CVA and right lower extremity hemiparesis to use a quad cane. Which of the following is the most appropriate gait sequence?
- A. Place the cane in the patient's left upper extremity, encourage cane, then right lower extremity, then left upper extremity gait sequence.
- B. Place the cane in the patient's left upper extremity, encourage cane, then left lower extremity, then right upper extremity gait sequence.
- C. Place the cane in the patient's right upper extremity, encourage cane, then right lower extremity, then left upper extremity gait sequence.
- D. Place the cane in the patient's right upper extremity, encourage cane, then left lower extremity, then right upper extremity gait sequence.
A physical therapist is returning phone calls in a pediatric clinic. Which of the following reports most requires the physical therapist's immediate attention and phone call?
- A. A 8 year-old boy has been vomiting and appears to have slower movements and has a history of an atrio-ventricular shunt placement.
- B. A 10 year-old girl feels a dull pain in her abdomen after doing sit-ups in gym class.
- C. A 7 year-old boy has been having a low fever and headache for the past 3 days that has history of an anterior knee wound.
- D. A 7 year-old girl that had a cast on her right ankle is complaining of itching.
A physical therapist is caring for a patient in the step down unit. The patient has signs of increased intracranial pressure. Which of the following is not a sign of increased intracranial pressure?
- A. Bradycardia
- B. Increased pupil size bilaterally
- C. Change in LOC
- D. Vomiting
The charge nurse on a cardiac unit tells you a patient is exhibiting signs of right-sided heart failure. Which of the following would not indicate right-sided heart failure?
- A. Nausea
- B. Anorexia
- C. Rapid weight gain
- D. SOB (shortness of breath)
A patient has recently been diagnosed with symptomatic bradycardia. Which of the following medications is the most recognized for treatment of symptomatic bradycardia?
- A. Questran
- B. Digitalis
- C. Nitroglycerin
- D. Atropine
Which of the following arterial blood gas values indicates a patient may be experiencing a condition of metabolic acidosis?
- A. PaO2 (91%)
- B. Bicarbonate 159
- C. CO(2) 48 mm Hg
- D. pH 7.33
A patient has suffered a left CVA and has developed severe hemiparesis resulting in a loss of mobility. The physical therapist notices on assessment that an area over the patient's left elbow appears as non-blanchable erythema and the skin is intact. The physical therapist should score the patient as having which of the following?
- A. Stage I pressure ulcer
- B. Stage II pressure ulcer
- C. Stage III pressure ulcer
- D. Stage IV pressure ulcer